Statistics & Estimates / Crop Estimates / 27 August 2019

Seventh production forecast for 2019 summer crops and first production forecast for 2019 winter cereals.
Sewende produksieskatting vir 2019 somergewasse en eerste produksieskatting vir 2019 wintergewasse.

Summer crops / Somergewasse
Area planted and seventh production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en sewende produksieskatting
Crop / Gewas Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Seventh forecast
Sewende skatting
Sixth forecast
Sesde skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Change
Verandering
2019 2019 2019 2018 2018
Ha Tons Tons Ha Tons %
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (B) ÷ (C)
Commercial / Kommersieël
  White maize / Witmielies 1 298 400 5 572 240 5 572 240 1 268 100 6 540 000
  Yellow maize / Geelmielies 1 002 100 5 444 420 5 406 620 1 050 750 5 970 000 +0.70
Total Maize / Totale Mielies 2 300 500 11 016 660 10 978 860 2 318 850 12 510 000 +0.34
Sunflower seed / Sonneblomsaad 515 350 680 940 655 640 601 500 862 000 +3.86
Soybeans / Sojabone 730 500 1 170 345 1 170 345 787 200 1 540 000
Groundnuts / Grondbone 20 050 18 880 18 880 56 300 57 000
Sorghum 50 500 147 300 153 950 28 800 115 000 -4.32
Dry beans / Droëbone 59 300 66 355 66 355 53 360 69 360
Non-commercial maize / Nie-Kommersiële mielies
Total maize / Totaal mielies 296 000 549 180 549 180 314 835 593 975
Commercial + Non-commercial maize / Kommersieël + Nie-kommersiële mielies
Total maize RSA Totaal mielies 2 596 500 11 565 840 11 528 040 2 633 685 13 103 975 +0.33

Note:  Estimate is for calendar year, for example production season 2018/19 = 2019
Nota:  Skatting is vir kalenderjaar, byvoorbeeld produksie-seisoen 2018/19 = 2019

Sunflower seed / Sonneblomsaad
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Sunflower seed production (2010 to 2019) graph
Soybeans / Sojabone
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Graph of soybean production (2010 to 2019)
Sorghum
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Sorghum production: graph (2010 to 2019)
White and Yellow maize / Wit- en Geelmielies
Area planted and seventh production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en sewende produksieskatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Seventh forecast
Sewende skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop ¹
Finale oes ¹
2019 2019 2018 2018
White
Wit
Yellow
Geel
Total
Totaal
White
Wit
Yellow
Geel
Total
Totaal
White
Wit
Yellow
Geel
Total
Totaal
White
Wit
Yellow
Geel
Total
Totaal
Ha Ha Ha Tons Tons Tons Ha Ha Ha Tons Tons Tons
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap
400 3 400 3 800 3 600 30 600 34 200 0 3 750 3 750 0 33 750 33 750
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap
3 400 43 500 46 900 39 440 626 400 665 840 3 600 43 000 46 600 41 300 628 000 669 300
Free State / Vrystaat
650 000 380 000 1 030 000 2 795 000 1 596 000 4 391 000 644 000 410 000 1 054 000 3 350 000 1 925 000 5 275 000
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap
3 800 10 200 14 000 22 800 67 320 90 120 3 500 11 000 14 500 21 700 71 500 93 200
KwaZulu-Natal
45 000 54 000 99 000 270 000 388 800 658 800 45 000 50 000 95 000 280 000 380 000 660 000
Mpumalanga
145 000 338 000 483 000 812 000 1 892 800 2 704 800 140 000 340 000 480 000 812 000 2 005 000 2 817 000
Limpopo
12 800 18 000 30 800 83 200 117 000 200 200 12 000 21 000 33 000 90 000 141 700 231 700
Gauteng
48 000 60 000 108 000 259 200 336 000 595 200 50 000 62 000 112 000 275 000 356 500 631 500
North West / Noordwes
390 000 95 000 485 000 1 287 000 389 500 1 676 500 370 000 110 000 480 000 1 670 000 428 550 2 098 550
Total / Totaal
1 298 400 1 002 100 2 300 500 5 572 240 5 444 420 11 016 660 1 268 100 1 050 750 2 318 850 6 540 000 5 970 000 12 510 000
Sunflower seed / Sonneblomsaad
Area planted and seventh production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en sewende produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Seventh forecast
Sewende skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Ha Tons Ha Tons
2019 2019 2018 2018
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap 100 100
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap 950 1 140 1 600 1 920
Free State / Vrystaat 270 000 391 500 314 000 490 000
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap 100 250
KwaZulu-Natal
Mpumalanga 4 500 4 500 2 300 2 180
Limpopo 61 000 61 000 45 000 36 000
Gauteng 3 800 3 800 5 500 5 600
North West / Noordwes 175 000 218 750 233 000 326 200
Total / Totaal 515 350 680 940 601 500 862 000
Soybeans / Sojabone
Area planted and seventh production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en sewende produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Seventh forecast
Sewende skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Ha Tons Ha Tons
2019 2019 2018 2018
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap 100 10 800 1 200
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap 1 550 5 425 3 000 10 500
Free State / Vrystaat 301 000 391 300 345 000 552 000
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap 1 150 1 380 2 400 2 900
KwaZulu-Natal 33 000 99 000 40 000 124 000
Mpumalanga 310 000 511 500 310 000 672 700
Limpopo 16 200 46 980 20 000 54 000
Gauteng 31 500 66 150 30 000 61 500
North West / Noordwes 36 000 48 600 36 000 61 200
Total / Totaal 730 500 1 170 345 787 200 1 540 000
Groundnuts / Grondbone
Area planted and seventh production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en sewende produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Seventh forecast
Sewende skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Ha Tons Ha Tons
2019 2019 2018 2018
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap 1 200 2 520 2 800 7 000
Free State / Vrystaat 11 500 8 625 22 000 21 150
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap
KwaZulu-Natal
Mpumalanga
Limpopo 1 850 3 885 3 500 7 350
Gauteng
North West / Noordwes 5 500 3 850 28 000 21 500
Total / Totaal 20 050 18 880 56 300 57 000
Dry beans / Droëbone
Area planted and seventh production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en sewende produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Seventh forecast
Sewende skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Ha Tons Ha Tons
2019 2019 2018 2018
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap 100 180 20 30
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap 1 000 1 400 540 1 080
Free State / Vrystaat 27 000 28 350 26 000 28 600
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap 400 720 300 450
KwaZulu-Natal 3 500 4 025 3 000 3 600
Mpumalanga 7 500 6 750 7 000 9 800
Limpopo 7 800 12 480 7 500 15 000
Gauteng 1 500 1 950 1 000 1 200
North West / Noordwes 10 500 10 500 8 000 9 600
Total / Totaal 59 300 66 355 53 360 69 360
Sorghum
Area planted and seventh production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en sewende produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Seventh forecast
Sewende skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Ha Tons Ha Tons
2019 2019 2018 2018
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap
Free State / Vrystaat 8 000 27 200 6 300 25 200
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap
KwaZulu-Natal 500 1 500 500 2 200
Mpumalanga 7 500 37 500 7 500 40 500
Limpopo 25 000 57 500 5 000 15 500
Gauteng 1 000 3 200 1 500 4 950
North West / Noordwes 8 500 20 400 8 000 26 650
Total / Totaal 50 500 147 300 28 800 115 000

Summer crops / Somergewasse
Area estimate and seventh production forecast (2019) / Oppervlakte- en sewende produksieskatting (2019)

Summer field crops – 2019

Commercial maize: The size of the expected commercial maize crop has been set at 11,017 million tons, which is 0,34% or 37 800 tons more than the previous forecast of 10,979 million tons. The area estimate for maize is 2,301 million ha, while the expected yield is 4,79 t/ha.

The estimated maize crop is 12% smaller than the 2018 crop. The three main maize producing areas, namely the Free State, Mpumalanga and North West provinces are expected to produce 80% of the 2019 crop.

The area estimate for white maize is 1,298 million ha and for yellow maize the area estimate is 1,002 million ha.

The production forecast of white maize remained unchanged at 5,572 million tons. The yield for white maize is 4,29 t/ha. In the case of yellow maize the production forecast is 5,444 million tons, which is 0,70% or 37 800 tons more than the 5,407 million tons of the previous forecast. The yield for yellow maize is 5,43 t/ha.

Sunflower seed: The production forecast for sunflower seed increased by 3,86% or 25 300 tons to 680 940 tons. The area estimate for sunflower seed is 515 350 ha, while the expected yield is 1,32 t/ha.

Other crops

The production forecast for soybeans remained unchanged at 1,170 million tons. The estimated area planted to soybeans is 730 500 ha and the expected yield is 1,60 t/ha.

The expected groundnut crop also remained unchanged at 18 880 tons, with an expected yield of 0,94 t/ha. The area estimate for groundnuts is 20 050 ha.

The production forecast for sorghum decreased by 4,32% or 6 650 tons, from 153 950 tons to 147 300 tons. The area estimate for sorghum is 50 500 ha and the expected yield is 2,92 t/ha.

In the case of dry beans, the production forecast remained unchanged at 66 355 tons. The area estimate of dry beans is 59 300 ha, with an expected yield of 1,12 t/ha.


Please note that the eighth production forecast for summer field crops for 2019 will be released on 26 September 2019.

Information is available on the internet at:
www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Home/Crop-Estimates or:
www.sagis.org.za, as from 14:30 on the date of the relevant meeting of the Crop Estimates Committee.

Somergewasse – 2019

Kommersiële mielies: Die grootte van die verwagte kommersiële mielie-oes is op 11,017 miljoen ton gestel, wat 0,34% of 37 800 ton meer is as die vorige skatting van 10,979 miljoen ton. Die skatting van die oppervlakte onder mielies is 2,301 miljoen ha, terwyl die verwagte opbrengs 4,79 t/ha is.

Die geskatte mielie-oes is 12% kleiner as die 2018-oes. Die drie belangrikste mielieproduserende gebiede, naamlik die Vrystaat, Mpumalanga en Noordwes provinsies, gaan na verwagting 80% van die 2019-oes produseer.

Die oppervlak onder witmielies is 1,298 miljoen ha en vir geelmielies is die oppervlak 1,002 miljoen ha.

Die produksieskatting van witmielies is onveranderd gelaat op 5,572 miljoen ton. Die opbrengs van witmielies is 4,29 t/ha. In die geval van geelmielies is die produksieskatting 5,444 miljoen ton, wat 0,70% of 37 800 ton meer is as die 5,407 miljoen ton van die vorige skatting. Die opbrengs van geelmielies is 5,43 t/ha.

Sonneblomsaad: Die produksieskatting vir sonne­blomsaad het toegeneem met 3,86% of 25 300 ton na 680 940 ton. Die oppervlakteskatting vir sonne­blomsaad is 515 350 ha, terwyl die verwagte opbrengs 1,32 t/ha is.

Ander gewasse

Die produksieskatting van sojabone is onveranderd gelaat op 1,170 miljoen ton. Die geskatte oppervlakte beplant van sojabone is 730 500 ha en die verwagte opbrengs is 1,60 t/ha.

Die verwagte grondbone-oes is ook onveranderd gelaat op 18 880 ton, met 'n verwagte opbrengs van 0,94 t/ha. Die oppervlakte­skatting vir grondbone is 20 050 ha.

Die produksieskatting van sorghum het afgeneem met 4,32% of 6 650 ton, van 153 950 ton tot 147 300 ton. Die oppervlakteskatting vir sorghum is 50 500 ha, en die verwagte opbrengs is 2,92 t/ha.

In die geval van droëbone is die produksieskatting onveranderd gelaat op 66 355 ton. Die oppervlakte beplant met droëbone is 59 300 ha, en die verwagte opbrengs is 1,12 t/ha.


Neem asseblief kennis dat die agtste produk­sieskatting vir somergewasse vir 2019, op 26 September 2019 vrygestel sal word.

Inligting is beskikbaar op die internet by:
www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Home/Crop-Estimates of by:
www.sagis.org.za, vanaf 14:30 op die dag van die toepaslike vergadering van die Oesskattingskomitee.

Non-commercial maize / Nie-kommersiële mielies
Preliminary area planted and production estimate  2019  Voorlopige oppervlakte en produksieskatting
Crop / Gewas Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Production
Produksie
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Change
Verandering
2019 2019 2018 2018
Ha Tons Ha Tons %
(A) (B) (C) (D) (B) ÷ (D)
Non-commercial agriculture / Nie-kommersiële landbou
  White maize / Witmielies 221 300 379 460 236 644 414 162 -8.38
  Yellow maize / Geelmielies 74 700 169 720 78 191 179 813 -5.61
Maize / Mielies 296 000 549 180 314 835 593 975 -7.54

The preliminary area planted to maize in the non-commercial agricultural sector is estimated at 296 000 ha, which represents a decrease of 5,98%, compared to the 314 835 ha of the previous season. The expected maize crop for this sector is 549 180 tons, which is 7,54% less than the 593 975 tons of last season. It is important to note that about 43% of the maize produced in the non-commercial sector, is planted in the Eastern Cape, followed by KwaZulu-Natal with 27%.

Die voorlopige oppervlakte beplant met mielies in die nie-kommersiële landbou-sektor word geskat op 296 000 ha, wat 'n afname van 5,98% verteenwoordig in vergelyking met die 314 835 ha van die vorige seisoen. Die verwagte mielie-oes van dié sektor is 549 180 ton, wat 7,54% minder is as die 593 975 ton van die vorige seisoen. Dit is belangrik om daarop te let dat ongeveer 43% van die mielies wat geproduseer word in die nie-kommersiële sektor, in die Oos-Kaap geplant word, gevolg deur KwaZulu-Natal met 27%.

Non-commercial maize / Nie-kommersiële mielies
Area   2000-2019   Oppervlakte
Non-commercial maize: area planted (2000 to 2019 season)
Non-commercial maize / Nie-kommersiële mielies
Production   2000-2019   Produksie
Non-commercial maize: production (2000 to 2019 season)
Winter cereals / Wintergewasse
Revised area planted and first production forecast  2019  Hersiene oppervlakte- en eerste produksieskatting
Crop / Gewas Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
First forecast
Eerste skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Change / Verandering
2019 2019 2018 2018
Ha Tons Ha Tons %
(A) (B) (C) (D) (B) ÷ (D)
Commercial / Kommersieël
Wheat / Koring 537 000 1 915 650 503 350 1 868 000 +2.55
Malting barley / Moutgars 131 960 401 460 119 000 421 790 -4.75
Canola 74 000 103 600 77 000 104 500 -0.86
Cereal oats / Hawermout 25 000 40 000 19 235 32 700 +22.32

Note:  Estimate is for calendar year, for example production season 2019/20 = 2020
Nota:  Skatting is vir kalenderjaar, byvoorbeeld produksie-seisoen 2019/20 = 2020

Wheat / Koring
Revised area planted and first production forecast  2019  Hersiene oppervlakte- en eerste produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
First forecast
Eerste skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
2019 2019 2018 2018
Ha Tons Ha Tons
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap 325 000 861 250 318 000 890 500
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap 37 500 281 250 38 000 294 500
Free State / Vrystaat 125 000 462 500 100 000 385 000
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap 3 100 20 150 1 650 10 730
KwaZulu-Natal 7 500 45 750 7 000 43 400
Mpumalanga 4 000 26 000 3 500 22 740
Limpopo 20 000 128 000 20 000 128 000
Gauteng 1 400 8 400 1 200 7 800
North West / Noordwes 13 500 82 350 14 000 85 330
Total / Totaal 537 000 1 915 650 503 350 1 868 000

Note:  Estimate is for calendar year, for example production season 2019/20 = 2020
Nota:  Skatting is vir kalenderjaar, byvoorbeeld produksie-seisoen 2019/20 = 2020

Wheat / Koring
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Wheat production (graph: 2010 to 2019)
RSA Malting barley / RSA Moutgars
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Malting barley production (2010 to 2019 graph)
RSA Canola
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Canola production graph (2010 to 2019)

Winter cereal crops / Wintergewasse
Revised area estimate and first production forecast for 2019 / Hersiene oppervlakte- en eerste produksiekskatting vir 2019

Winter cereal crops – 2019

Wheat

The expected production of wheat is 1,916 million tons, which is 2,55% or 47 650 tons more than the previous seasons' crop of 1,868 million tons, whilst the expected yield is 3,57 t/ha.

The expected production in the Western Cape is 861 250 tons (45%), which is 29 250 tons less than the 890 500 tons produced in the previous season. In the Free State, the expected production is 462 500 tons (24%), which is 77 500 tons more than the previous seasons' crop of 385 000 tons. In the Northern Cape, 281 250 tons (15%) is expected to be produced – 13 250 tons less than the 294 500 tons produced in the previous season.

The area estimate for wheat was revised to 537 000 ha, which is 50 ha higher than the 536 950 ha of the previous forecast. An estimated 325 000 ha or 61% is planted in the Western Cape, 125 000 ha or 23% in the Free State and 37 500 ha or 7% in the Northern Cape.

Other crops

The production forecast for malting barley is 401 460 tons, which is 4,75% or 20 040 tons less than the previous seasons' crop of 421 500 tons. The area planted is estimated at 131 960 ha, while the expected yield is 3,04 t/ha.

The expected canola crop is 103 600 tons, which is 0,86% or 900 tons less than the previous seasons' crop of 104 500 tons. The area estimate for canola is 74 000 ha, with an expected yield of 1,40 t/ha.

The revised area estimate for oats (cereals) for the 2019 season is 25 000 ha and the expected crop is 40 000 tons. The expected yield is 1,60 t/ha.


Please note that the second production forecast for winter cereals for 2019 will be released on 26 Sep­tember 2019.

Information is available on the internet at:
www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Home/Crop-Estimates or:
www.sagis.org.za, as from 15:30 on the date of the relevant meeting of the Crop Estimates Committee.

Wintergewasse – 2019

Koring

Die verwagte produksie vir koring is 1,916 miljoen ton, wat 2,55% of 47 650 ton meer is as die vorige seisoen se oes van 1,868 miljoen ton, terwyl die verwagte opbrengs 3,57 t/ha is.

Die verwagte produksie in die Wes-Kaap is 861 250 ton (45%), wat 29 250 ton minder is as die 890 500 ton geproduseer in die vorige seisoen. In die Vrystaat is die verwagte produksie 462 500 ton (24%), wat 77 500 ton meer is as die vorige seisoen se oes van 385 000 ton. In die Noord-Kaap is die beraamde produksie 281 250 ton (15%) – 13 250 ton minder as die 294 500 ton geproduseer in die vorige seisoen.

Die oppervlakteskatting vir koring is hersien na 537 000 ha, wat 50 ha hoër is as die 536 950 ha teenoor die vorige skatting. Die beraamde opper­vlakte geplant in die Wes-Kaap is 325 000 ha of 61%, die Vrystaat is 125 000 ha of 23% en 37 500 ha of 7% is in die Noord-Kaap.

Ander gewasse

Die produksieskatting vir moutgars is 401 460 ton, wat 4,75% of 20 040 ton minder is as die vorige seisoen se oes van 421 500 ton. Die oppervlakte beplant word beraam op 131 960 ha, terwyl die verwagte opbrengs 3,04 t/ha beloop.

Die verwagte canola-oes is 103 600 ton, wat 0,86% of 900 ton minder is as die vorige seisoen se oes van 104 500 ton. Die oppervlakteskatting vir canola is 74 000 ha, met 'n verwagte opbrengs van 1,40 t/ha.

Die hersiene oppervlakteskatting vir hawer (ontbyt­graan) vir die 2019-seisoen is 25 000 ha en die verwagte oes is 40 000 ton. Die verwagte opbrengs is 1,60 t/ha.


Neem asseblief kennis dat die tweede produk­sie­skatting vir wintergewasse vir 2019 op 26 September 2019 vrygestel sal word.

Inligting is beskikbaar op die internet by:
www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Home/Crop-Estimates of by:
www.sagis.org.za, vanaf 15:30 op die dag van die toepaslike vergadering van die Oesskattingskomitee.

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